For the various vernaculars, see varieties of Arabic. Arabic alphabet Arabic Braille Syriac alphabet (Garshuni)Hebrew alphabet (Judeo-Arabic languages)Greek alphabet (Cypriot Maronite Arabic)Latin script (Romanized Arabic alphabet, Lebanese Arabic, Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic, Libyan Arabic, Tunisian Arabic) This article contains IPA phonetic symbols.Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.This article is about the general language or language group.
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The following features can be reconstructed with confidence for Proto-Arabic: Arabia boasted a wide variety of Semitic languages in antiquity.
In the southwest, various Central Semitic languages both belonging to and outside of the Ancient South Arabian family (e.g. It is also believed that the ancestors of the Modern South Arabian languages (non-Central Semitic languages) were also spoken in southern Arabia at this time.
The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam.
Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary.